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Florida

Florida has had many influences and the state has influenced many genres

State Spotlight

Florida

Became a state on..... March 3, 1845

Southern Genres..... Blues, Bluegrass, Folk, Jazz, Soul, Funk, Gospel, Spirituals, Jazz, R&B, Punk, Southern Hip-Hop, Electronic, A Cappella, Garage, GoGo.

Hall of Fame..... Florida Artists Hall of Fame, Florida Musicians Hall of Fame

Beginning with the first drum beat by the Florida Seminole Indians, The "Sunshine State" has developed a rich history of music! The music of Florida has had many influences and the state has influenced many genres and produced many musicians. for example, the blues artist Bo Diddley lived in Archer, Fl. He is buried in a small cemetery in Bronson, Florida.

Home of the Parrot Head Nation

"From Drum Beat to Bass Beat"

Florida (Spanish for "land of flowers") is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States. The state is bordered to the west by the Gulf of Mexico, to the north by Alabama and Georgia, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, and to the south by the Straits of Florida and Cuba. Florida is the 22nd most extensive, the 3rd most populous, and the 8th most densely populated of the United States. Jacksonville is the most populous city in Florida, and the largest city by area in the contiguous United States. The Miami metropolitan area is the eighth-largest metropolitan area in the United States. Tallahassee is the state capital.

A peninsula between the Gulf of Mexico, the Atlantic Ocean, and the Straits of Florida, it has the longest coastline in the contiguous United States, approximately 1,350 miles (2,170 km), and is the only state that borders both the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean. Much of the state is at or near sea level and is characterized by sedimentary soil. The climate varies from subtropical in the north to tropical in the south. The American alligator, American crocodile, Florida panther, and manatee can be found in the Everglades National Park.

Since the first European contact was made in 1513 by Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León – who named it La Florida upon landing there in the Easter season, Pascua Florida – Florida was a challenge for the European colonial powers before it gained statehood in the United States in 1845. It was a principal location of the Seminole Wars against the Native Americans, and racial segregation after the American Civil War.

Today, Florida is distinctive for its large Cuban expatriate community and high population growth, as well as for its increasing environmental issues. The state's economy relies mainly on tourism, agriculture, and transportation, which developed in the late 19th century. Florida is also renown for amusement parks, orange crops, the Kennedy Space Center, and as a popular destination for retirees.

Florida culture is a reflection of influences and multiple inheritance; Native American, European American, Hispanic and Latino, and African American heritages can be found in the architecture and cuisine. Florida has attracted many writers such as Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, Ernest Hemingway and Tennessee Williams, and continues to attract celebrities and athletes. It is internationally known for golf, tennis, auto racing and water sports.

Music of Florida

"State Song"

Old Folks at Home

"Old Folks at Home" (also known as "Swanee River", "Swanee Ribber" from the original lyrics, or "Suwannee River") is a minstrel song written by Stephen Foster in 1851. Since 1935 it has been the official state song of Florida, although in 2008 the original lyrics were expurgated.

Foster had composed most of the lyrics but was struggling to name the river of the opening line, and asked his brother to suggest one. The first suggestion was "Yazoo" (in Mississippi), which despite fitting the melody perfectly, was rejected by Foster. The second suggestion was "Pee Dee" (in South Carolina), to which Foster said, "Oh pshaw! I won't have that." His brother then consulted an atlas and called out "Suwannee!" Foster said, "That's it, exactly!" Adding it to the lyrics, he purposely misspelled it as "Swanee" to fit the melody.

Foster himself never saw the Suwannee—or even visited Florida—but the popularity of the song stimulated tourism to Florida, to see the river.

Antonín Dvořák's Humoresque No. 7, written in the 1890s, is musically similar and is sometimes played along with "Old Folks at Home." The Library of Congress's National Jukebox presents a version with soprano Alma Gluck and violinist Efrem Zimbalist

Written in the first person from the perspective of an African slave (at a time when slavery was legal in 15 of the states of the US), the song's narrator states "longing for de old plantation," which has criticism as romanticizing slavery, although the song's main theme is the despair of a slave sold to another plantation, thus being diverted from his family, a practice which was seen as a special hardship and one of the major points against slavery at the time, Foster himself supported the North during the American Civil War and supported abolition of slavery.

The word, "darkies," used in Foster's lyrics, has been amended, for example, "brothers" was sung in place of the offensive word at the dedication of the new Florida state capitol building in 1978. In general, at public performances another word like "lordy," "mama," "darling," "brothers," "children," or "dear ones" is typically substituted.

The text is written in a dialect historically spoken by African slaves and standard American English — the former attested to as being in use as late as the 1940s, in the works of the African American folklorist from Florida, Zora Neale Hurston.

In practice, the pronunciation, as written in dialect, has long been disregarded in favor of the corresponding standard American English usage, as demonstrated by the song's performances at the 1955 Florida Folk Festival.

As the official state song of Florida, "Old Folks at Home" has traditionally been sung as part of a Florida governor's inauguration ceremony. However, over time, the lyrics were progressively altered to be less offensive; as Diane Roberts observed:

Florida got enlightened in 1978; we substituted "brothers" for "darkies." There were subsequent revisions. At Jeb Bush's second inauguration as governor in 2003, a young black woman gave a moving, nondialect rendition of "Old Folks at Home," except "still longing for the old plantation" came out "still longing for my old connection." Perhaps someone confused Stephen Foster's lyrics with a cell phone commercial.

In his 2007 inauguration ceremony, Charlie Crist decided to not include the state song, but rather to use in its place, "The Florida Song," a composition written by a black Floridian jazz musician, Charles Atkins. Crist then encouraged state Senator Tony Hill, who was the leader of the legislature's Black Caucus, to find a new song. Hill joined forces with state Representative Ed Homan and the Florida Music Educators Association to sponsor a contest for a new state song.

On January 11, 2008, the song "Florida (Where the Sawgrass Meets the Sky)" was selected as the winner. The Florida Legislature considered the issue and ultimately adopted it as the state anthem while retaining "Old Folks at Home" as the state song, replacing its original lyrics with a bowdlerized version approved by scholars at the Stephen Foster Memorial, University of Pittsburgh. Governor Crist stated that he was not pleased by the "two songs" decision; but he signed the bill, creating a new state anthem and establishing the reworded version of the state song by statute, rather than by resolution like the 1935 decision.

Music of South Florida

Music of South Florida is music from the South Florida metropolitan area, which comprises cities such as Miami, West Palm Beach, Pompano Beach and Fort Lauderdale.

The South Florida area has been a hub for diverse musical genres. For example, South Florida has been a hub for Southern Rap. Miami, in particular, is a "hub" for Latin Music in the United States. Miami bass (also known as booty music), a prominent Southern Hip-Hop genre in the late 1980s and early 1990s, got its start in Miami; Luther 'Luke Skyywalker' Campbell and his 2 Live Crew were among the more prominent Miami Bass acts, largely because of an obscenity scandal fomented by Broward County, Florida Sheriff Nick Navarro. Moreover, although not a South Florida native, Jimmy Buffett rose to prominence after moving to Key West, Florida and has long been associated with the "South Florida lifestyle". Other notable South Florida-based musical performers include Gloria Estefan, Marilyn Manson, Mental Crutch, Vanilla Ice, DJ Laz, and Pitbull.

Recording industry

The South Florida recording industry started in Miami in the 1950s with Criteria Studios, recording top selling albums such as Rumours by Fleetwood Mac and Hotel California by The Eagles. Local music entrepreneur Henry Stone and his label, TK Records, created the local indie scene in the 1970s. T. K. Records produced the R&B group KC and the Sunshine Band along with soul singers Betty Wright, George McCrae and Jimmy "Bo" Horne as well as a number of minor soul and disco hits, many influenced by Caribbean music. Tom Dowd a true innovator in the engineering of music worked out of Miami for many years and worked with a plethora of artists, Aretha Franklin, Ray Charles, Eric Clapton, Lynyrd Skynyrd just to name a few. Tom Petty also came out of South Florida.

1970s & Disco

In the heyday of Disco, South Florida produced such groups as KC and the Sunshine Band. They were on the very same South Florida label that released the first disco song to become a #1 hit on the pop music charts, "Rock Your Baby" by George McCrae in 1974. Other artists from that local label include Foxy, Peter Brown, Jimmy "Bo" Horne, Gwen McCrae, T-Connection and Anita Ward.

Music Genres of Florida

Blues.

Blues artists from Florida include Piedmont blues singer and guitarist Gabriel Brown and saxophonist and blues shouter Buster Bennett.

Country

Florida is the home of several notable country musicians and musical acts.

Country legend Mel Tillis was born in Darby, a small rural community in Pasco County. His daughter Pam Tillis, also a country music star, was born in nearby Plant City.

Slim Whitman was born in Tampa and once played minor league baseball for the Plant City Berries.

The Bellamy Brothers, a duet act that hit number one on the country charts several times before reaching #1 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart with their cross-over hit "Let Your Love Flow" in 1976, also hail from Darby. Close friend Bobby Braddock, a member of the Country Music Hall of Fame with multiple number ones to his credit, was born in Lakeland, in Polk County, and grew up in nearby Auburndale.

Kent Lavoie, better known by his stage name, Lobo, hit Number Five on the Billboard Pop chart in 1971 with the soft rock song "Me and You and a Dog Named Boo". He was born in Tallahassee and grew up in Winter Haven. While attending the University of South Florida, Lavoie formed a band called The Rumors with Jim Stafford and Gram Parsons.

The still-influential Parsons was born in Winter Haven and attended exclusive The Bolles School in Jacksonville. He had a central role in the legendary rock-and-roll scene of the 1960s, being friends or collaborating on projects with notables from Mick Jagger to Linda Ronstadt to Johnny "Guitar" Watson to the Kingston Trio. He famously tried to rescue Michelle Phillips by helicopter from the mayhem at the notorious Altamont Music Festival in 1969. One of his songs is included in Gimme Shelter, a documentary about the events at Altamont. Parsons was a member of the legendary band The Byrds, and was also part of The Flying Burrito Brothers. Later, with some friends from Harvard University, he formed the folk/country band The International Submarine Band. Still later he toured extensively with Emmylou Harris before his death, at 26.

Jim Stafford, born in Eloise, grew up in Winter Haven, was a prominent country performer in the 1970s. He had his own television show, The Jim Stafford Show in 1975, as well as co-hosting Those Amazing Animals with Burgess Meredith and Priscilla Presley, and making regular guest appearances on The Tonight Show and other programs.

Native American - Florida Seminole tribe

Native Americans consider music to be a gift from the Creator. The Seminole tribe is a part of the Southeast Woodland region, which helps differentiate the different style and characteristics of their music from other Native American tribes. Their music generally consists of vocals in medium and high ranges with vocals pulsing at the ends of the phrases in particular. The melodic pattern tends to descend gradually throughout the songs, and the metric frequently changes with close relationship to the specific ritual dance or ceremony. The songs performed by the Seminole tribe have a wide variety of rhythmic accompaniments on the drums, including the small hand drums, water-drum, and the cypress knee drums. Other important instruments that play a major role in the framework for the Native American’s music, in particular the Seminole tribe, are the coconut shelled rattles which are similar to the gourd rattles of other Native American tribes and the flute.

For the Native American, the songs performed were traditionally the chief’s way of communicating with the higher powers, and the music was rarely performed just for any reason. The music of the Native Americans were performed for specific purposes such as success in battle, bringing of rain, success in hunting, or songs to help treat the sick. These songs were either handed down generation by generation, received in dreams, or would reveal the influence of the European culture in the modern songs. A very interesting detail to note is that the music among the Native American Indians is essentially a man’s occupation and he is the one who performs these ritual and ceremonial songs.

Each song is sung differently and performed for definite results. One thing that the Seminole tribe incorporates in their music that is not really seen in other tribes is the use of call and response. The songs for success in hunting are without accompaniment of instruments and are sung in succession, not in sets of four. The leader sings the first phrase, then pauses while the men repeat the phrase, after which they all sing together. The Cow Creek Group used certain melodies for treating certain illnesses or conditions. Also, some medicine songs consisted of four sections, in which three were repeated, and the tempo changed in relation to the words being sung. The use of the four sections is one form of melodic and rhythmic characteristics that are often used in many of their songs in the Middle West where the Seminoles went to settle.

The Seminoles are very private people and are seldom interviewed so there is very little information on the different styles of the music they performed during their rituals and ceremonies. It has taken years of friendship and building of trust for the first recordings of Seminole music to take place. Based on the rising popularity to study and learn about Native American music, specifically the Seminole tribe, the conclusion shows that Native American music is mainly melodic with no harmony and the occasional singing between a soloist and chorus.

Southern Rock

Jim Morrison of The Doors was from Melbourne. Johnny Tillotson ("Poetry in Motion") was from Jacksonville.

In the 1960s, Florida rock and roll and garage bands included The Outlaws and The Tempests and The Royal Guardsmen ("Snoopy vs. the Red Baron") were from Gainesville. Another Jacksonville group was The Classics IV ("Traces").

Guitarist Tom Petty was born, and grew up, in Gainesville. Most of the members of three bands he recorded with - The Epics, The Heartbreakers, and Mudcrutch - were also from Florida, mainly from in and around Gainesville and North Florida. Bands of the mid- to late-1990s with strong links to Florida include Matchbox Twenty, who originate from Orlando, rock band Creed, from Tallahassee, and Sister Hazel from Gainesville.

Usually associated with what has become known as the new wave of popular alternative music is Chris Carrabba and his band, Dashboard Confessional from Boca Raton. His former band, Further Seems Forever, is also a popular indie rock band from Pompano Beach.

The band Shinedown, Cold, Lynyrd Skynyrd, Molly Hatchet, The Allman Brothers Band, Blackfoot, .38 Special was either formed or from Jacksonville, Florida and the Outlaws are from Tampa.

Southern Rock recording industry

In the 1960s, Tampa was very active in the music recording industry. Mercy recorded a Jack Sigler, Jr. original entitled "Love (Can Make You Happy)" at the old Charles Fuller Studio on MacDill Avenue in Tampa. The Royal Guardsmen recorded "Snoopy Vs The Red Baron" at this same studio. Many bands used Charles Fuller Studios for their 45 records. The Tempests, a St. Petersburg-based band, recorded and released "I Want You Only" and "I Want You To Know" on the Fuller label.

The Miami recording industry began in the 1970s with Criteria Studios, which produced the recordings Rumours by Fleetwood Mac and Hotel California by The Eagles. Henry Stone and his label TK Records supported the local indie scene in the 1970s. T. K. Records produced the R&B group KC and the Sunshine Band along with soul singers Betty Wright, George McCrae, and Jimmy "Bo" Horne as well as a number of minor soul and disco hits, many influenced by Caribbean music.

In the 1970s and early 1980s Jacksonville saw a very active music recording scene with Southern rock bands such as Molly Hatchet, The Allman Brothers Band, 38 Special, The Outlaws, and Lynyrd Skynyrd. The Bellamy Brothers also recorded their style of country music in the mid to late 1970s. Florida musicians inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame include Ray Charles, Jim Morrison of the Doors, The Allman Brothers Band, Lynyrd Skynyrd, and Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers. Jamaican singer Bob Marley died in a Miami hospital in 1981.

Punk rock

Florida has experienced periods in which punk rock flourished. An active scene of original Punk bands flourished in the Tampa/St. Pete area in the late 1970s, including bands such as The Straight Jackets, The Shades, the Jackers, Just Boys, The Art Holes, The Stick Figures, A New Personality and the Veal Rifles. Based in Gainesville, Fort Lauderdale/Miami, Tampa and other cities, hardcore punk gained a widespread following. One of the first bands in this style is believed to be Roach Motel of Gainesville, but The Eat, from Hialeah, had formed around 1978-79. Miami also was home to one of the first American punk bands to release an indie single, the Sex Pistols-influenced Silver Screen by Critical Mass, in 1978 and still in demand by collectors today. Rat Cafeteria (Tampa), Sector 4, Hated Youth, and Paisley Death Camp (all from Tallahassee), No Fraud (Venice), F (Fort Lauderdale), Morbid Opera (Miami), and Crucial Truth (Pompano Beach) also gained an audience and some had songs compiled on the album We Can't Help It If We're From Florida.

Hardcore bands from Orlando 1983-1989 included: Dissent, Damage (U.S.), Zyklon-B (U.S.), The Bully Boys, Florida's Unwanted Children, Sewer Side Rouges, Declared Ungovernable, Contradiction, The Damn Maniacs, and The Genitorturers.

Gainesville and Jacksonville had very active punk scenes in the 1990s-2000s. Less Than Jake, Against Me!, and Hot Water Music are from Gainesville. Yellowcard, Red Jumpsuit Apparatus, and Evergreen Terrace are from Jacksonville. Mayday Parade are from Tallahasee. Fake Problems are from Naples. Other Hardcore, Post-Hardcore, and Metalcore bands from Florida include: Against All Authority, Anberlin, Underoath, Combatwoundedveteran, Poison the Well, Assholeparade, A Day to Remember, Sleeping With Sirens, and Shai Hulud.

Indie rock

Indie bands Mortimer Nova, Surfer Blood, Iron & Wine, Loyal Revival, Copeland, The Drums, and The Generators are from Florida, as well as Fake Problems from Naples.

Heavy metal

Tampa has produced death metal artists such as Morbid Angel, Deicide, Obituary, Hate Eternal, Monstrosity, Assück, Nocturnus, Atheist, and Acheron.

Tampa is also home to the Morrisound Studios. Records such as Deicide's debut album, Deicide; Morbid Angel's debut album Altars of Madness, Scream Bloody Gore from Death, as well as many other death metal albums. Tampa is also the birthplace of Symphonic power metal band Kamelot and Power Metal band Iced Earth.

Fort Lauderdale has produced a few metal bands as well, such as Marilyn Manson, Monstrosity, Kult ov Azazel, and Nu metal act Nonpoint.

Progressive death metal act Cynic, come from Miami as well as Hibernus Mortis.

Orlando is the home of the bands Death, Skrape, and Trivium.

Metal band Savatage is from the city of Tarpon Springs. Singer Jon Oliva went on to create the Trans-Siberian Orchestra. Limp Bizkit is from Jacksonville.

Pop/Teen Pop

Backstreet Boys, N'Sync, and O-Town were all formed in Orlando and managed by Lou Pearlman. Singer/actress Mandy Moore is from Orlando, while Aaron Carter is from Tampa. Also from Florida, Exposé from the late 1980s (who had a #1 Hot 100 hit with "Seasons Change"), and Ariana Grande from Boca Raton.

In the 1970s, KC and the Sunshine Band had 5 #1 Billboard Hot 100 hits including the 1975 disco song "Get Down Tonight". In 1988, Terence Trent D'Arby from Orlando had a #1 Hot 100 hit with "Wishing Well". In 1990, Vanilla Ice had a #1 Hot 100 hit with "Ice Ice Baby", and Stevie B had a #1 Hot 100 hit with "Because I Love You (The Postman Song)". In the 2000s, both Rob Thomas- ("Smooth" ft. Santana) and Matchbox 20- ("Bent"), Creed- ("With Arms Wide Open"), N'SYNC- ("It's Gonna Be Me"), Enrique Iglesias - ("Be With You"), T-Pain- ("Buy U a Drank"), Flo Rida- ("Low" ft. T-Pain), Sean Kingston- ("Beautiful Girls"), and Jason Derulo- ("Whatcha Say") all had a #1 Hot 100 hit. In the 2010s, Pitbull has had 2 #1 hits: "Give Me Everything" and "Timber". In addition, Florida musicians with a #1 album on the Billboard 200 include Jimmy Buffett with License to Chill; bands Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers with Hypnotic Eye, Marilyn Manson with 2, Limp Bizkit with 2 like Significant Other in 1999, Backstreet Boys with 2 #1 albums like Millennium in 1999, R&B/Southern Hip-Hop group Pretty Ricky with 1, rapper Rick Ross with 5 #1 albums like Port of Miami in 2006, R&B/pop singer Ariana Grande with 2 like My Everything in 2014, bro-country duo Florida Georgia Line with 1, and rapper DJ Khaled with Major Key in 2016.

Electronic Dance Music (EDM)

EDM and its sub-genres have been important in South Florida. Starting in the 1970s with acts like Jimmy Bo Horne and KC and The Sunshine Band, dance music coming out of Florida could be heard all over the world. With the demographics of South Florida being made up of Cuban, Haitian, and many other Afro-Caribbean cultures, Dance Music became very popular adopting a lot of the grooves and percussion from those cultures. Early on the dance scene in South Florida was mostly playing the EDM sub-genres Disco, House, and Freestyle. By the 1980s Miami in particular Miami Beach having clubs stay open till 5 AM, and the glut of easily available drugs, its dance scene began to get noticed internationally. In 1985 the Winter Music Conference, a yearly, week-long dance music conference/convention/showcase started in South Florida. The event has happened in Miami every since. WMC as it is also known as, is famous as well for its Ultra Music Festival which happens the same week. By the 1990s many local DJs and producers where getting noticed. Acts like Murk, aka Funky Green Dogs, Planet Soul, and DJs like Robbie Rivera, where all getting air play not just in Florida but around the world. Clubs like Space Crobar, and Mansion also attracted first class international DJ as well increasing the musics popularity. Miami would wind up allowing its night clubs to stay open 24 hours on the weekend. Thus increasing the demand for Dance Music. Clubs would regularly have internationally known DJs as well as local acts such as Ivano Belllini, Patrick M, and long list of others spin into the next day. Currently the EDM sub-genres popular in South Florida in particular are Deep House, Tech House and Techno.

Miami Bass

Miami Bass is a popular style of music from the Miami area of South Florida and is embodied by the musical style of local rap stars such as Trick Daddy. Miami Bass is a part of the robust music scene in the South Florida metropolitan area, which comprises cities such as Miami, West Palm Beach, and Fort Lauderdale. These cities have many locally famous rappers; and DJ's who are on their way up in the rap game.

Miami bass is a booming, bass-heavy style of hip hop that developed in the mid-1980s in Miami. The distinctive sound evolved from electro hop, including sounds from Luther Campbell and his group, 2 Live Crew. The Miami Bass scene that 2 Live Crew typified is simply one form of southern rap and Miami Bass' club-oriented sound garnered little respect from hip hop fans. But the 2 Live crew is not the only music artist in Miami. This city also holds Trick Daddy, DJ Uncle Al, Rick Ross, Trina, Jacki-O, Pitbull, Cool & Dre, DJ Khaled, Smitty, Pretty Ricky, BlackMask and many more. Miami rapper Trick Daddy also grew up in the Liberty Square of the Liberty City section of Miami, one of the city's and America's roughest areas. The city of Miami is also home to the label Slip "N" Slide Records.

Miami bass innovators include Maggotron and Luther Campbell's 2 Live Crew. The lyrics to Miami bass are sexually explicit, so when 2 Live Crew achieved national attention, these explicit lyrics caused a controversy. Several music stores were prosecuted under obscenity laws for selling the disc, and the members of 2 Live Crew were arrested for performing songs from the album Nasty As They Wanna Be The charges were subsequently dropped.

Southern Hip-Hop & Rap

Southern rap is a category of Southern Hip-Hop music that arose from the influences of hip hop culture in New York City and California in the late 1990s in cities such as Miami, New Orleans, Atlanta, Memphis, Houston, and Dallas. Miami and Southern Florida are a major hub and driving force for Southern hip-hop & rap. Floridian artists such as Plies, Epitaph, DJ Laz, Trick Daddy, Urban Horror Clique, DEMONIC, Pitbull, Flo Rida, Randum Shotz, Stack$, JT Money, Lumo Da Gr8, Rick Ross, Trina, Jacki-O, Gold Rush, etc.....

Latin Pop

There are many Latinos in Florida, and an especially high number of Cubans in cities like Miami. The regional Latin music industry includes a wide variety of traditional and popular Cuban styles, as well as other Latin music genres. The Cuban community has produced traditional performers like Cachao and Israel Kantor, as well as mainstream pop stars like Gloria Estefan. In the 1980s, Gloria Estefan and Miami Sound Machine had 3 #1 Hot 100 hits, including "Anything for You". Estefan is the most famous musician to come from the Miami pop industry; others include Willie Chirino and Albita Rodríguez.

Dance Music

Floridian dance music has included Jimmy Bo Horne and KC and The Sunshine Band. In 1985, the Winter Music Conference, an annual week-long dance music festival, started in South Florida. It coincides with Ultra Music Festival.

Music from the 1990s included Murk aka Funky Green Dogs, Planet Soul, No Mercy (pop band), and DJ Robbie Rivera.

Florida Breaks

Florida breaks is a genre of breakbeat music originating in the 1990s in the state of Florida. It is particularly popular in the Tampa and Orlando areas.

Miami rock & singer songwriters

The Miami rock scene had a particularly successful period in the late 1980s to mid-1990s, sparked by the many rock and acoustic venues within South Beach and Fort Lauderdale, including Washington Square, Roses, the Stephen Talkhouse, Cactus Cantina, South Beach Pub, Blue Steel, the Chili Pepper (Revolution), The Culture Room, Squeeze, Edge, Reunion Room, Nocturnal Cafe, Button South, Plus Five, McFly's and Tavern 213. Popular local artists included The Mavericks, Nuclear Valdez, I Don't Know, Marilyn Manson, The Goods, Collapsing Lungs, Nonpoint, Saigon Kick, Tuff Luck, Vandal, Sin City, Charlie Pickett, The Holy Terrors, Forget the Name, Natural Causes, Peter Betan, Nil Lara, Diane Ward, The Broken Toys, Ed Hale, Matthew Sabatella, Zac, Paul Roub, Dennis Britt, Harry Pussy, Magda Hiller, Quit, Load, Dore Soul, Eyes of Pandora, Sixo, Brian Franklin, Itanna, Curious Hair, Robbie Gennett, Rudy, Restless Spirits, the Baboons, Purple Mustard, Brian Scheinhoft aka BeShine and "The Ekeouts," The Weeds, Tommy Anthony & Goza, Four O'Clock Balloon, Machete, and Amanda Green.

A local producer and noise-artist from the Miami Rock Scene, Rat Bastard, has recently been celebrated in a rock opera, entitled "Hearing Damage (aka the Rat Opera)". The Rat Opera, written by local performers Brian Franklin and Rob Elba, features Rene Alvarez playing the part of Rat. Rat co-founded the group To Live and Shave in L.A. in 1993.

Florida Artists Hall of Fame

Florida Artists Hall of Fame recognizes artists who have made significant contributions to art in Florida. It was established by the Florida Legislature in 1986. There is a Florida Artists Hall of Fame Wall on the Plaza Level in the rotunda of the Florida Capitol. The Florida Council on Arts and Culture reviews nominations annually and makes recommendations to the Florida Secretary of State. No more than two inductees are selected in any year until 2012 when four inductees were added.

In 2013 folk singer Frank J. Thomas, a longtime Lake Wales, Florida resident; Latin pop superstar Gloria Estefan and painter Laura Woodward were inducted.

In 1986, the Hall was established by the Florida Legislature. It provides recognition to persons, living or dead, who "made significant contributions to the arts in Florida either as performing or practicing artists in individual disciplines." The awards recipients show diversity of artistic accomplishment in the state's "cultural tapestry." Inductions take placed each March during the Florida Heritage Awards. Each honoree receives a commemorative bronze sculpture. The sculpture, La Florida was created by Enzo Torcoletti.

Alphabetical list of inductees

2004 - Alfred Hair and the Florida Highwaymen Fort Pierce, Florida Folk artists
1993 - George Abbott Miami Beach, Florida 1887 – 1995 Thespian and theater impresario
1993 - A. E. "Bean" Backus Fort Pierce, Florida 1906 – 1990 Artist
2012 - Jacqueline Brice Jupiter, Florida 1935 - Painter
2012 - Robert C. Broward Jacksonville, Florida 1926 - Architect
2012 - Ricou Browning Tallahassee, Florida 1930 - Underwater film actor and director
2000 - Jimmy Buffett Key West, Florida 1946 – Musician
2002 - Fernando Bujones Miami, Florida 1955 – 2005 Dancer
1998 - Clyde Butcher Ochopee, Florida 1942 – Photographer
1992 - Ray Charles Greenville, Florida 1930 – 2004 Musician
2009 - Harry Crews Gainesville, Florida 1935 – 2012 Writer
2003 - Earl Cunningham St. Augustine, Florida 1893 – 1977 Folk artist
2010 - Bo Diddley Archer Florida 1928 – 2008 Blues musician
1993 - Marjory Stoneman Douglas Coconut Grove, Florida 1890 – 1998 Author
2013 - Gloria Estefan Miami, Florida 1957 – Singer and songwriter
1988 - George Firestone Miami, Florida 1931 – Politician who supported arts
2003 - William P. Foster Tallahassee, Florida 1919 – 2010 Marching band director and innovator
1992 - Duane Hanson Davie, Florida 1925 – 1996 Artist/ sculptor of human figures
1995 - Martin Johnson Heade St. Augustine, Florida 1819 – 1904 Painter of nature
1987 - Ernest Hemingway Key West, Florida 1899 – 1961 Author
1990 - Zora Neale Hurston Eatonville, Florida 1891 – 1960 Folklorist, historian, and novelist
2011 - James F. Hutchinson Stuart, Florida 1932 – Painter
2002 - Lou Jacobs Sarasota, Florida 1903 – 1992 Circus clown
2000 - James Weldon Johnson Jacksonville, Florida 1871 – 1938 Writer
2006 - John Rosamond Johnson Jacksonville, Florida 1873 – 1954 Composer/singer during the Harlem Renaissance
2005 - Stetson Kennedy Beluthahatchee, Florida 1916 – 2011 Journalist
2000 - Elaine L. Konigsburg Ponte Vedra Beach, Florida 1930 – Author and illustrator
1999 - Doris Leeper New Smyrna Beach, Florida 1929 – 2000 Painter and sculptor
2007 - Lawrence Hankins "Hank" Locklin McLellan, Florida 1918 – 2009 Songwriter
1991 - John D. MacDonald Sarasota, Florida 1916 – 1986 Writer
1996 - Will McLean Chipley, Florida 1919 – 1990 Folk singer/ songwriter
2001 - Addison Mizner Boca Raton, Florida 1872 – 1933 Architect
1994 - Ralph Hubbard Norton West Palm Beach, Florida 1875 – 1953 Art collector and museum founder
2008 - Victor Nuñez Tallahassee, Florida 1945 – Film director
2004 - Albin Polasek Winter Park, Florida 1879 – 1965 Sculptor
2006 - W. Stanley "Sandy" Proctor Tallahassee, Florida 1939 – Sculptor
1991 - Robert Rauschenberg Captiva, Florida 1925 – 2008 Painter
1987 - Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings Cross Creek, Florida 1896 – 1953 Author
1993 - Burt Reynolds Jupiter, Florida 1936 – Actor
1987 - John N. Ringling Sarasota, Florida 1866 – 1936 Circus empresario
1998 - Gamble Rogers St. Augustine, Florida 1937 – 1991 Folk musician and storyteller
2012 - Louis Roney Winter Park, Florida 1921 - Opera singer
2001 - James Rosenquist Aripeka, Florida 1933 – Artist
2008 - Augusta Savage Green Cove Springs, Florida 1892 – 1962 Sculptor
1999 - Patrick D. Smith Merritt Island, Florida 1927 – Author
2010 - Christopher M. Still Tarpon Springs, Florida 1961 – Painter
2009 - Mel Tillis Silver Springs, Florida 1932 – Musician
2011 - Johnny Tillotson Jacksonville, Florida 1939 – Singer and songwriter
1994 - Jerry N. Uelsmann Gainesville, Florida 1934 - Photographer
1997 - Edward Villella Miami, Florida 1936 - Ballet dancer
1994 - Hiram D. Williams Gainesville, Florida 1917 – 2003 Painter and professor of art
1989 - Tennessee Williams Key West, Florida 1911 – 1983 Author
1994 - Ellen Taaffe Zwilich Miami, Florida 1939 – Music composer
2015 - Carlisle Floyd Tallahassee, Florida 1926 - Opera composer
2014 - Tom Petty Gainesville, Florida 1950 - Singer and songwriter
2014 - Bruce Helander West Palm Beach, Florida 1947 - Collage artist, painter, arts critic and curator
2016 - Jane Davis Doggett Jupiter Island, Florida 1929 - Artist & Environmental Graphic Designer
2016 - Romero Britto Miami, Florida 1963 - Visual Artist